Searching and Exploring the RTC SDK


I have answered many customer questions about the RTC Java APIs in the past. Many of the posts in this blog are the result of such questions. I have no privileged access to the RTC source code. As far as I can tell, there is no secret library of RTC API documentation that the IBM development team is hiding from everybody else. Even if there was such documentation, I do not have access to it. So, how do I come up with those answers?

In short, by using the available capabilities to search for answers.

Prerequisites

The content below requires to know Learning To Fly: Getting Started with the RTC Java API’s and the Extensions Workshop.

Know where and how to search

The whole answer is, that it is not necessary to know everything. It is just necessary to know how and where to search for the answers. These days, there are basically two answers to where and how to search.

  1. The Internet using search engines
  2. The RTC SDK using the Eclipse IDE’s capabilities.

I have already explained how and where to search the internet in the post Learning To Fly: Getting Started with the RTC Java API’s in the section Where can I find Examples and Example Code?.

Search the internet

Search the internet and limit the search to sites that are likely to have relevant information. Examples are Jazz.net and stackoverflow.com. Jazz.net has the Forum and the development Wiki. Stackoverflow has a lot of questions and answers from many contributions.

I did contribute at stackoverflow as well, but gave up when they would not accept a link to external content as answer. The purpose of this blog is to be able to provide answers and share examples. For that very reason rsjazz.wordpress.com is also a good place to search. The search capability in the top right of this blog is also a valid place to search. The page Interesting Links is a collection of links to other sources I have come across over the years.

Very recently the Jazz community and Github have become a source as well.

Many questions in the context of RTC Extensions might be just related to Eclipse Plugin development. https://www.eclipse.org/ has a lot of examples and documentation around such questions.

Search the RTC SDK

If there are no ready examples and answers in the internet, there is a host of example code available in the RTC SDK. The RTC SDK contains at least the following:

  1. Unit test code for RTC the Java API. These contain especially examples for the administration API, but also for other parts of the client API provided by the Plain Java Client Libraries.
  2. The Java Code for the client API provided by the Plan Java Client Libraries, including the documentation that is used to create the JavaDoc for the Plain Java Client Libraries.
  3. RTC Rich Client Platform code used in the RTC Eclipse Client, including comments. This code uses the public client API but also uses internal API.
  4. RTC Client plug in code, including Client operation behavior such as advisors (pre-conditions), participants (follow up actions), aspect editors providing the Eclipse Admin UI and related information.
  5. RTC Server API and RTC Server code, including documentation for interfaces and methods.
  6. RTC Server plug in code, including server operation behavior such as advisors (pre-conditions), participants (follow up actions), aspect editors providing the Eclipse Admin UI and related information.
  7. Client and server extension points and related code.
  8. Code for asynchronous tasks.

All the code mentioned above is included in the RTC Server SDK that is shipped with RTC in the all download section. The RTC Client SDK that is shipped in addition since 6.0.3 only contains the client code which is kept compatible to earlier versions of the Eclipse client.

You can search the RTC SDK by using the capabilities provided by Eclipse. Especially the Eclipse Plugin Development (PDE) and Rich Client Platform (RCP) development tools provide a comprehensive set of features to search the RTC SDK. There are several approaches that can be used to search in Eclipse and the Eclipse PDE:

  1. Java Search for types, interfaces, methods and other Java Related properties. This includes the capability to use search pattern e.g. use an asterisk. It is possible to specify the relationships to search for e.g. search for classes that implement an interface.
  2. Search for Plugins, Extension points, references to extension points. This includes the capability to see the plugin.xml for other extensions, revealing all the implementation classes and relevant information that can be used again in 1 to narrow down the search to the relevant code.
  3. Eclipse RCP/SWT Inspectors such as Yari or tools like the built in Plugin Spy allow to use the declarative and reflective capabilities of Eclipse and the RCP to analyze the UI and other information provided in the plugins and features. This allows to find which classes are called in menus and to look at which data is used by views and how it is used.
  4. Other search capabilities such as File search and Text search can help in certain conditions.

These capabilities allow to pretty much find anything that is available in the RTC SDK. This does not make it trivial to understand what is found, especially the RCP UI code of RTC is sometimes very hard to understand, but it provides at least entry points, where to start.

Once something is found, there are various means available to

  1. Open or navigate to the element that is found
  2. Open the package containing the element, if applicable
  3. Open other items that are related to the found element

This is really all one needs to know. The rest is just using these capabilities to your advantage. Some examples how to use this are given below.

Finding Built-in Extensions in the SDK

The SDK contains all the client and server extensions and their source code. When developing a custom advisor or follow up action e.g. following the Extensions Workshop it is a good idea to get inspiration from the existing code. How does that code work? How does it use the API?

Any such scenario starts with finding examples that use one of the relevant extension points. The extension points are shown in the Extensions Workshop and other examples. Most likely there is an example using an extension point in the plugin.xml already, or a new plugin.xml has been just created.

In the open open editor of the plugin.xml on the Extensions tab, right click the extension point that is of interest. To understand where this is used select Find References and click to start the search.

Search for references to an existing extension point.
Search for references to an existing extension point.

The search window will open below and show the references found after a while. This can take some time, dependent on the performance of the client computer. The search result will show multiple hits. The image below shows a part of the hits in the current workspace. It especially shows the references from RTC SDK code to the extension point used by server operation advisors. All the references shown here have the same namespace prefix com.ibm.team. This hints that the origin of the code is in the RTC SDK.

Operation Advisors shipped with RTC.
Operation Advisors shipped with RTC.

Use the up and down arrows to browse the referencing plugin XML’s, or click one of the rows in the search that is of interest. Make yourself familiar with the name spaces that are used. This makes it easier to focus on the important examples you are looking for.

The namespaces refer to the following components of RTC

  • com.ibm.team.apt – Agile Planning
  • com.ibm.team.build – Build
  • com.ibm.team.filesystem – Source Control Filesystem
  • com.ibm.team.scm – Source Control
  • com.ibm.team.workitem – Work Items

When looking for an example for SCM related operations such as deliver, look at the examples in the namespaces filesystem and scm. When looking at work item related extensions look into the examples with the workitem namespace.

Click the search result to open the related plugin.xml. As an example the search result
com.ibm.team.workitem.service. Eclipse allows to find strings in open files, so it is possible to search for strings using CTRL+F. E.g. search for Required to find because you are interested in advisors for required attributes.

Required Attributes by Tape and State Advisor
Required Attributes by Tape and State Advisor

In the plugin.XML you can see the implementing class. You can use the full qualified class name e.g. com.ibm.team.workitem.common.internal.RequiredAttributesByTypeAndStateAdvisor to open the class using the Navigate>Open Type menu of Eclipse.

Open the implementation class of the advisor
Open the implementation class of the advisor

This repository workspace has the SDK set up as well as the RTC Plain Java Client Libraries. Select the class in the SDK. Browse the classes code and documentation. Open the Class in the package explorer.

Explore the package containing the class
Explore the package containing the class

In the package explorer view in Eclipse browse the package e.g. C:\RTC605Dev\installs\rtc-server-sdk\plugins\com.ibm.team.workitem.common_3.2.900.v20170928_1641.jar.

Scroll down to the lower area. There are some packages that do not contain Java classes. For example there is a package or rather folder, that contain files such as the schemas used by the aspect editors in the admin UI. You can open the files to look at the details.

Package explorer shows related content.
Package explorer shows related content.

Please note: the one I was really looking for is a bit elusive, and I have not been able to locate it until now. I will update the post as soon as I have a solution.

This is only one way of doing it. Dependent on what is available and what one knows there are many other ways to look into the source code. For example search for all extension points with a package name of com.ibm.team* to find all the extension points. Search for specific Plugins, in case the name is available.

Search for References to an extension point.

Try to explore different angels to find what you are looking for.

Search the Java Code

As already mentioned, it is possible to search for Java classes. This can also use search patter using an askerisk. Search for different aspects such as methods and interfaces and limit the search result set.

Once a class is open, it is easy to navigate within the class hierarchy, open the jar file in the package explorer etc..

Explore the UI to add Menus

Here a key point is knowing and using Eclipse RCP/SWT Inspectors such as Yari. How it is done is This has been explained in Adding Context Menus for Jazz Objects to the RTC Eclipse Client and Hiding UI Contributions in the RTC Eclipse Client.

Summary

As seen above, there are many ways to find stuff in the RTC SDK that can be used. As always I hope this helps users out there with their endeavors. I will try to add more examples.

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Work Item Command Line 4.3


I worked with a colleague on the Work Item Command Line who was adding a feature for usage with a customer. That colleague had also done some changes related to availability and performance running queries. These changes where merged back into the code. WCL was missing some capabilities that I always wanted to have. I had a quick look to understand how much effort hat would be and took the opportunity to implement these capabilities on the way. While doing so, some small enhancements where added and some defects where found and fixed. All that needed to be published as a new version of WCL.

Print a work item

New in Version 4.3

The latest release 4.3 is available here and has the following changes:

  • Readme.md updated
  • Readme documents for deployment in source code updated
  • Refactored the capability to create a string representation for a work item attribute, link or pseudo attribute (e.g. attachments) into a helper class WorkItemExportHelper
  • Migrated -exportworkitems to use the new helper class WorkItemExportHelper
  • Several fixes in -exportworkitems to
    • Enable error handling and make suppressing errors work
    • Introduce a new flag that exports all supported columns and links
    • If exporting all columns, order the attributes and links (except ID, Type and Summary that are by default at the beginning)
    • Checked functionality with newest OpenCSV
    • Refactoring class to make maintenance easier
  • Added a new command -printworkitem that prints the attributes, attachments and supported links of a work item
    • Using the WorkItemExportHelper and its capabilities
    • Also provides switch to print all attributes and links ordered as above
    • Exports the attachments to a provided folder
  • Added a new command -printtypeattributes that allows to get the attribute Id’s and Display Names for a given work item type in a project area
  • Added a command -validateoslclinks that validates OSLC links and their back links in other applications fixing missing back links
  • External library dependencies are added without a version number to allow newer versions

Disclaimer

Please keep in mind that the information in this blog is “as is”, unsupported, and may be outdated or inaccurate.

The Work Item Command Line (WCL) is not an officially supported application.

For information on released products, consult the product documentation, support tech notes, and the Jazz.net library.

Open Items

Some of the API used in the Work Item Command Line becomes deprecated.

  • Some changes especially for -importworkitems needed for versions of RTC e.g. 6.0.5 and later
    • These will likely not work with earlier versions of RTC
    • if you need that either try an earlier version of WCL such as 4.0 or 4.1 or open an issue and I could look into a backport
  • The Linking API in RTC has evolved and deprecates some API used in WCL
  • OpenCSV has evolved and newer versions deprecates some API used in WCL
    • OpenCSV requires a new library commons-lang3-3.1.jar
  • Migration to Maven might be something to consider

This is all not problematic yet, but needs to be addressed sooner or later.

License

WCL is released under the MIT License. See the License.txt and the license headers in the individual files.

Compatibility

This code has been used with RTC 4.x, 5.x  and 6.x with no or minimal changes and it is pretty safe to assume, that the code will work with newer versions of RTC to come.

An exception is the -importworkitems command that requires a library to use a mapping file. The capability to use the mapping file was moved into the plain Java Client libraries in RTC 6.0.5 as an internal class. To support work item import with the mapping moved to the Plain Java Client Libraries as internal API, the imports in ImportWorkItemsCommand where changed and the file com.ibm.team.workitem.rcp.core*.jar was removed from the jar file dependencies in the build path.

See Restore Compatibility to 6.0.4 and before for how to switch this back.

The code requires the RTC Plain Java Client Libraries.

The Export and import commands require additional external libraries that need to be downloaded and installed separately. See the document below.

Restore Compatibility to 6.0.4 and older

To support 6.0.5 and beyond the imports in ImportWorkItemsCommand where changed from:

com.ibm.team.workitem.rcp.core.internal.bugzilla.mappers.BugzillaMapping*

to: com.ibm.team.workitem.common.internal.importer.bugzilla.mappers.BugzillaMapping*

and the file com.ibm.team.workitem.rcp.core*.jar was removed from the jar file dependencies in the build path.

Follow the description in the sections beginning with Downloads how to get and rebuild the code. The steps in this section below are required to port WCL back to RTC 4.0.4 and earlier:

The original imports have been put back in past 4.0.3, but commented out. To enable the mapping for earlier versions of RTC, replace the imports *BugzillaMapping* with the versions commented out. Then add the com.ibm.team.workitem.rcp.core_*.jar file back in to the build path and add the required JAR file as below

From Work Item Command Line 4.1

The import commands of WCL can only provide the capability to use a mapping file by using a JAR file that only ships with the RTC Eclipse client and the SDK. The classes used for the mapping file capability are located in the library com.ibm.team.workitem.rcp.core.  Open the Install location of the RTC Eclipse client and search for com.ibm.team.workitem.rcp.core*. You should find a file names similar to this one: com.ibm.team.workitem.rcp.core_3.1.900.v20141010_0124.jar. The version numbers at the end could be different. Copy the JAR file into the into the libfolder of your version of WCL.

Download

The latest code can be downloaded from this GIT repository. The latest releases can be downloaded from here

There are different ways to download.

  • The easiest is to download the latest code as a zip file using the button Clone or download.
    • Use the option Download ZIP to download the code as ZIP file. Once the download finishes, browse the folder structure of the ZIP file. The top level contains the README.md file. An Eclipse project is contained in the folder com.ibm.js.team.workitem.commandline. This project can be used to develop the code and to generate an executable.
    • It is also possible to clone the repository and import the project using GIT. Clone the GIT project to your local file system. This requires GIT or some GIT GUI to be installed. How to use GIT is out of the scope of this blog. See the help how to set up GIT and how to use it with Eclipse.
  • It is also possible to download releases from the releases page. The zip code made available is in the same format as the one above can be used as described above. Note that the releases might be older, and there might be no release available for the latest code version.

See below how to import the enclosed project into Eclipse.

Some releases might contain a prepackaged executable for convenience e.g. named wcl-V4.3-20190117.zip. See the section Deploying the packaged application below for how to use this form of packaging. Please note that the prepackaged executable might not be available for all versions. The following sections explain how to create this executable. See the section Packaging the application for shipping for how to perform the packaging.

Prerequisites

Install a current Eclipse or RTC Eclipse client.

Install a current Java 1.8 JRE or Java 1.8 JDK set it as active in Eclipse as Installed JRE and Execution Environment.

Getting the code, install and deploy

Once you have installed such an environment do the following

Import the Code

  • Open the Java Perspective in Eclipse.
  • Import the project into Eclipse from the file system.
    • To import the ZIP file use File>Import, select Existing Projects into Workspace. Click Select archive file, browse to and select the ZIP file you downloaded. Import the enclosed Eclipse project com.ibm.js.team.workitem.commandline.
    • To import the GIT repository use the GIT perspective to add the local cloned repository and then import the
      project com.ibm.js.team.workitem.commandline.

Create a User Library for the Plain Java Client Libraries

  • Use Window>Preferences>Java>BuildPath>User Libraries and add a user library named PlainJavaApi .
  • Add the JAR files of the Plain Java Client Libraries for the version of RTC you are using.

Download and Install openCSV

Download and Install Apache commons-lang

Check the project and recompile

  • Select Project>Clean and clean the project that was just imported.
  • There should be no compiler errors or issues with the classpath

The project should now have built and compiled and show no errors.

Building the WCL or extract from a Release

Follow the description in the file ReadMe – HowToRelease.txt in the root folder of the project

  • To create a wcl.jar file
  • To crate a WCL/lib folder
  • To provide batch and license files

Follow the description in the file /lib/ReadMe.txt in the lib folder of the project

  • To provide the required libraries in the WCL/lib folder

Select the folder, for example C:\Temp\wcl\ and compress the file

  • Rename the archive file to wcl-Vx-YYYYMMDD.zip,
    where YYYY is the year, MM is the month and DD is the day
  • The file is now ready for publishing

Use the file wcl-Vx-YYYYMMDD.zip for shipping similar to the next section.

Deploying the packaged application

Assume a file was created following the steps above and the file is called
wcl-V4.3-20190117.zip. This binary contains WCL as JAR file and other information such as licenses and Readme files. It also contains script files to set the environment and run the Jar File.

The folder lacks libraries needed to execute that need to be provided.

To deploy from this file, create a new folder as deploy location for the automation prototype. In the description here we use C:\temp. It is possible to use any other folder. In this case replace the folder in the this description by the folder you chose.

Extract the binary wcl-V4.3-20190117.zip file into the location C:\temp. There should now be a folder C:\temp\WCL. The folder among others contains the files wcl.jar, wcl.bat, wcl.sh.

Get the libraries as described in Download and Install openCSV and Download and Install Apache commons-lang above, and rename them as described in /lib/ReadMe.txt.

Check the script file and make sure to provide a valid path to a folder containing the unzipped Plain Java Client Libraries and a recent Java 1.8 is available over a Java_Home.

Call WCL using the script files or call it as Jar File as described in said script files.

Just starting with extending RTC?

If you just get started with extending Rational Team Concert, or create API based automation, start with the post Learning To Fly: Getting Started with the RTC Java API’sand follow the linked resources.

You should be able to use the following code in this environment and get your own automation or extension working.

Summary

This is only the first blog. I will try to provide a little bit more about the commands and the parameters soon.

As always, I hope this helps users out there. 

Please ask questions on in https://jazz.net/forum/questions/ and tag them rational-team-concert and wcl.

You can create issues in https://github.com/jazz-community/work-item-command-line/issues as well. 

Keep in mind this is off hours work and not officially supported.

Build On State Change Work Item Save Participant


In the unlikely event you have missed it or just to complete the hit list if you search for examples on this blog, the Build On State Change Work Item Save participant/follow up action is a complete example as part of the Rational Team Concert Extensions Workshop.

The Build On State Change Work Item Save participant monitors work item state changes of configured work item types and state changes. If a qualifying change happens, it issues a build request for a configured build definition. The example comes with a complete package including the configuration UI.

Just Starting with API work?

If you just get started with extending Rational Team Concert, or create API based automation, start with the post Learning To Fly: Getting Started with the RTC Java API’s and follow the linked resources.

RTC Process Customization – What you can and cannot do


Rational Team Concert Process Customization – What you can and cannot do, that is the title of the webinar I presented two days ago.

If you are interested in my view on this, you can find the replay of the webinar here in the Rational Team Concert Enlightenment Series.

The slides are shared here.

Also see What API’s are Available for RTC and What Can You Extend? for more links.

How to filter RTC email notifications by project or by user


Spamming the in-boxes of your project with notification mails? This is a reblog of Marks internal blog.

The RTC Mail Filtering Problem

A common requirement for Rational Team Concert administrators is the need for limiting email notifications for a single RTC project or user.  There are many scenarios which might drive this need.  Here are some examples:

  • Thousands of work items are imported and you want to not cause notifications for the new work items.
  • A new field is added and data from the old field is copied over, affecting many work items.  We don’t want users to be notified.
  • A subset of users now use a different RTC server, and they no longer want notifications from the old project, but they need to remain active in the old project.

Unfortunately, the current RTC product as of version 6.0.1 does not support this requirement.  Notifications are controlled at the Jazz Team Server level.  The JTS may control multiple RTC, Rational Quality Manager, and Rational Doors Next Generation repositories.  Turning off notifications in the JTS turns off mail for all RTC, RQM, and RDNG projects from all repositories controlled by that JTS server.  Mail  generated for all of those RTC, RQM, and RDNG projects while notifications are off in the JTS are lost.

This leaves administrators with a tough choice:  lose all mail for everything connected to the JTS, or live with excessive and unwanted notifications for a single project.

A Solution:  Milters

We have found and implemented a solution for this requirement, milters.  Milters are plugins for Sendmail that add additional functionality to Sendmail.  The “milter-regex” milter plugin permits filtering mail using regular expressions.

These are the overall steps for utilizing the regex milter:

  • Set up a machine with Sendmail and install the milter-regex plugin
  • Configure Sendmail to allow mail from the JTS server machine in /etc/mail/access
  • Develop a set of regular expressions which cause mail from a particular project or user to be found and filtered out and update the /etc/mail/milter-regex.conf configuration file
  • Restart the milter-regex service
  • Edit the email settings of the JTS to point to your Sendmail machine as the mail SMTP Server

You can easily add and remove projects and users from the filtering list by editing the /etc/mail/milter-regex.conf file.  You can turn off filtering completely by restoring the JTS SMTP Server value back to its original setting.

Regular Expressions

You’ll have to examine your email templates to determine the project and user information for the various email formats.  Here’s an example of the configuration statements for our email templates to filter out all mail for project “Project XYZ”:

reject “Mail filtered for project: Project XYZ”

body ,Team Area:.* Project XYZ,i

body ,Project Area:.* Project XYZ,i

Both “body” statements are required.  The “reject” statement defines a message which is logged into the /var/log/messages log file when a piece of mail is filtered out.

This is an example of filtering for a single user:

reject “Mail filtered for user: Mark E. Ingebretson”

body ,The user ‘Mark E. Ingebretson’ made a .* request,i*

body ,Mark E. Ingebretson mentioned you in,i

body ,Mark E. Ingebretson.*changed on,i

If you are a user of our IBM Systems servers and need email filtering, you can submit an ITHELP request.

Other Approaches

There is another approach from Sam provided on the Jazz.net forum here: Manage User E-mail Preferences for Mass Updates. It has been sitting on my Interesting Links page for a while. Time to show it here.

A new solution s available for RTC 6.0 starting with iFix03 if you are using the Java API. Use the Skip Mail Save Parameter.

Summary

I found the topic very interesting and related questions also come up on Jazz.net, so I decided to re-blog and promote this when Mark showed this to me. I hope it helps our users all over the world. I hope that this solution can help other RTC administrators address this important requirement.

JavaScript Attribute Customization – Where is the log file?


A lot of users try Java Script based attribute customization and often run into issues. They ask on the Jazz.net forum to get the issue solved. Unfortunately the questions usually lack the information required to help. This post explains how to retrieve log information to be able to provide this information.

Where are the Script Log files?

Java Script attribute customization can use the console to log text messages into a log file.

console.log("My message");

The question is, where are the log files?

The script context

Java Script attribute customization scripts are, as far as I can tell, run in one of the following contexts:

  1. The Eclipse Client
  2. The Web Browser
  3. The RTC Server

Dependent on the context it is run, the log information can be found in a log file that is created and maintained by the

  1. The Eclipse Client
  2. The RTC Server

Please note that the logging information is not in the RTC Application log file CCM.log.

The Jazz.net Wiki entry about attribute customization provides hints about how to log data and how to log data and how to debug scripts in the section Debugging Scripts. Similar information is provided in the Process Enactment Workshop for the Rational solution for Collaborative Lifecycle Management.

Unfortunately both only talk about how to find the server log information for Tomcat. Since Websphere Application Server and WAS Liberty are also valid options, how can one find the log files in this case?

Find The Eclipse Workspace Log

As background, note that the Eclipse Client as well as the RTC Server are based on Eclipse technology. This common technology is used to log the data and determines the log file location and name.

Each running Eclipse has a workspace location and stores meta data and log information in this workspace. The workspace is basically a folder in the file system. The metadata is stored in a sub folder with the name .metadata. The log file is in this folder and named .log.

For the RTC Eclipse client and for scripts that run in this context, open the Eclipse workspace folder that is used and find the .log file in the .metadata folder.

For the RTC Server, the easiest way to find this workspace and the enclosed log file that I have been able to find is to search for the folder .metadata. For Tomcat and WAS Liberty standard installs go to the folder where the RTC Server was installed and then into the sub folder server. From here search for the folder .metadata.

For Websphere Application Server (WAS) go the profile folder for the profile that includes the RTC server deploy and search there.

Here an example search for a test install based on WAS Liberty:

LogFileLocations_2016-06-17_13-10-14

Note that every Jazz application has its own Eclipse workspace with metadata folder and workspace log file. The one interesting for RTC attribute customization is the workspace of the RTC server. The folder structure includes the context root of the Jazz application. Each application has a different context root which typically matches the application war files name prefix. The RTC application typically has the context root and application war files name prefix ccm. Open the workspace for this application and find the log file.

Looking Into the Log File

You can look into the log file. Please make sure to use a tool that does not block writing to the log file, while you are browsing its content. The log file is kept open by the server when it is running and blocking it from writing is not what is desired. Use more or an editor that reads the file and does not block it. For windows users: notepad does lock the file for writing. Use a different tool such as notepad++.

The Process Enactment Workshop for the Rational solution for Collaborative Lifecycle Management provides some examples for how logs look like and can be created. If you can’t find the log entry you are looking for, always check the server log as well. Maybe the script runs in a different context than you expect.

Here an example for log entries:

Log_Examples_2016-06-17_14-58-43

Load Errors

It might happen, that an expected log entry is not found in any of the log files. In this case make sure to check for script loading errors as well as thrown exceptions at the time the script was supposed to run.

Load errors can be caused by different reasons.

One reason can be that attachment scripts are not enabled. There are enough indicators in the Attribute customization editor in Eclipse that a user should have spotted this these days.

Another reason can be that the script is syntactically not correct and can not be interpreted as a valid JavaScript. One reason for a script not being recognizable as a valid script that I have seen recently is an incorrect encoding. If an external editor is used to edit the script and the script is then loaded from the file, make sure that the script has a correct UTF-8 encoding. If in doubt change the encoding to UTF-8 and reload the script.

Why would the encoding be important? The encoding controls the format of the content. it is hard to determine the encoding from a file and it is often not checked. But expecting a specific encoding but loading a file that was encoded in a different one can cause to find unexpected content. This can can cause the JavaScript not being recognized as JavaScript and the load fails.

Debugging vs. Logging

Using the debugging techniques explained in the Wiki entry in the section Debugging Scripts and in the Process Enactment Workshop for the Rational solution for Collaborative Lifecycle Management should be the preferred option and is usually more effective.

Looking at the logs is still a valid option, especially to be able to log execution times and to find script loading issues and for scripts that are run in the background in the server context, such as conditions.

I found using the Chrome Browser and the built in Developer Tools to be most effective. The scripts can easily be found in the sources tab under the node (no domain). Make sure to enable the debug mode as explained here: Debugging Scripts.

JavaScript_Debug_Chrome_2016-06-17_14-24-43

Summary

This post explains how to find the log files that contain log information written by JavaScript attribute customization scripts. I hope that this helps users out there and makes their work a little bit easier.

Check out the RTC Timebox Planning Widget with SAFe Support


Take a look at this great community contribution. If you ever wanted to be able to easily see the status of a plan and balance the load in the dashboard, this could be the ideal solution for you.

I already blogged about the great predecessor and other community content in the post Some Community Extensions for RTC.

In the newest post New RTC Timebox Planning Widget with SAFe Support, Markus Giacomuzzi from Siemens Switzerland explains the newest version of their RTC Timebox Planning Widget with SAFe Support. He also created videos on their You Tube channel, explaining how to use and set up the TimeBox Planning dashboard widget. The Time Box Planning widget is an excellent example for how community contributions can improve the useability of RTC and provide fresh ideas. Please read the post and view the videos. Don’t forget to share and give Markus a thumbs up.

The extension can be found here on IBM Bluemix DevOps Services, if I am not mistaken.

Markus is going to present this at the IBM InterConnect 2016 in Las Vegas in the session DOP-3145 and you might want to consider visiting the session to be able to see it and share your experiences and ideas.

Here is a screen shot of the program level planning.

TimeBox Planning with SAFe support program level

And here is a screen shot of the team level planning.

TimeBox Planning with SAFe support team level

Last but not least, I thought about delaying this reblog for a day, because I already created a post today, but I just can’t restrain myself to do it.

Watch Bartosz Chrabski on how to create Rational Team Concert – Advisor & Participant Extensions


If you are new to extending RTC, you might want to look at Bartosz Chrabskis post How to create Rational Team Concert – Advisor & Participant Extension (step by step) and the related video for creating a participant as well as the video for creating an advisor. Don’t forget to like the post and give the videos a thumbs up.

More information about the process can be found in Learning To Fly: Getting Started with the RTC Java API’s.

 

Setting Custom Attributes for SCM Versionables


This is the forth post in the series around very fine grained access control permissions for work items and SCM versionables. It explains the last requirement, which was to be able to set the custom attributes on elements in the SCM system using the RTC API.

See the problem description in the first post of the series

Related posts

The posts in this series are:

  1. Manage Access Control Permissions for Work Items and Versionables
  2. Setting Access Control Permissions for Work Items
  3. Setting Access Control Permissions for SCM Versionables
  4. Setting Custom Attributes for SCM Versionables – this post

License

The post contains published code, so our lawyers reminded me to state that the code in this post is derived from examples from Jazz.net as well as the RTC SDK. The usage of code from that example source code is governed by this license. Therefore this code is governed by this license. I found a section relevant to source code at the and of the license. Please also remember, as stated in the disclaimer, that this code comes with the usual lack of promise or guarantee. Enjoy!

Just Starting With Extending RTC?

If you just get started with extending Rational Team Concert, or create API based automation, start with the post Learning To Fly: Getting Started with the RTC Java API’s and follow the linked resources.

You should be able to use the following code in this environment and get your own automation or extension working.

Compatibility

This code has been used with RTC 5.0.2 and is prepared to be used with RTC 6.0.x with no changes and it is pretty safe to assume, that the code will work with newer versions of RTC.

The code in this post uses common libraries/services that are available in the Plain Java Client, Eclipse client and Jazz Eclipse server API. If client or server API is used, this is stated.

Note, some capabilities where only finalized in RTC 6.0.1 and are not available in versions before. Especially custom attributes for components and potentially for items other than SCM versionables.

Custom Attributes for SCM Versionables

Rational Team Concert 5.0.2 introduces support for creating custom attributes on source file versions.

The attributes can be set for every version of the SCM versionable. Dependent on the definition the attribute can be missing or different on different versions. This is different to the behavior we have seen in the post Setting Access Control Permissions for SCM Versionables, where the read access permission applies to all versions of the item.

The image below shows for which SCM elements custom attributes are available and how they can be set up to behave.

SCM Attributes

The behavior is important, because there are several very distinct requirements. For example it is desirable to be able to set some attribute only on one specific version. As an example to classify safety critical source code that needs special testing if changed, to allow for auditing. For others it is better to keep a value, once it is set.

Working with Custom Attributes for SCM Versionables

The following code shows how to work with the custom attributes for versionable handles. Please note, that there is no way to access these attributes in the RTC UI at the moment. They are accessible in the API otherwise they can only be set and read in the RTC SCM Commandline.

Getting the IScmService

To set custom attributes for versionables, requires the IScmService class com.ibm.team.scm.common.IScmService. As described in the post Setting Access Control Permissions for SCM Versionables, It is easy to get this service in the Server API, by basically using

IScmService fScmService = getService(IScmService.class);

However, in the Client API, this is not accessible as client library using the usual getClientLibrary() call.

I searched the client API and found about 6 different ways how this interface was requested by the product and test code in the RTC client SDK. For various reasons I picked the following approach and wrapped it into a utility class.

/*******************************************************************************
 * Licensed Materials - Property of IBM
 * (c) Copyright IBM Corporation 2015. All Rights Reserved. 
 *
 * Note to U.S. Government Users Restricted Rights:  Use, duplication or 
 * disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.
 *******************************************************************************/
package com.ibm.js.access.control.client;

import com.ibm.team.repository.client.ITeamRepository;
import com.ibm.team.repository.client.internal.TeamRepository;
import com.ibm.team.scm.common.IScmService;

public class ScmServiceClient {
	/**
	 * Get the SCM Service in a client application
	 * 
	 * @param teamRepository
	 * @return
	 */
	public static IScmService getSCMService(ITeamRepository teamRepository) {

		IScmService scmService = (IScmService) ((TeamRepository) teamRepository)
				.getServiceInterface(IScmService.class);
		return scmService;
	}
}

Note that the method uses the internal interface com.ibm.team.repository.client.internal.TeamRepository and not the interface ITeamRepository that is usually used to get a client library. The method getServiceInterface() is not exposed on ITeamRepository, so it is necessary to cast the ITeamRepository object to the actual class that implements the interface.

Listing Custom Attributes

See this post for a hint.

Setting Custom Attributes

The following code sets the custom attributes for versionable handles.

It basically gets the attributes available on the element. The data is returned as a hashmap with the attribute name being the key. This can be used for printing the data as well as shown below.

The code puts the attribute and its value in the hashmap and then this nap is passed to be saved.

/**
 * Set a specific attribute of versionable handles
 * 
 * @param vhandles
 * @param attributeName
 * @param attributeValue
 * @param scmService
 * @throws TeamRepositoryException
 */
public static void setAttribute(IVersionableHandle[] vhandles,
		String attributeName, String attributeValue, IScmService scmService )
		throws TeamRepositoryException {
	ICustomAttributeList[] versionableAttributesList = scmService
			.fetchCustomAttributesForVersionable(vhandles, null);
	
	for (int i = 0; i < versionableAttributesList.length; i++) {
		ICustomAttributeList attributeList = versionableAttributesList[i];
		Map<String, Object> attributeMap = attributeList
				.getCustomAttributes();
		attributeMap.put(attributeName, attributeValue);
		attributeList.setCustomAttributes(attributeMap);
		scmService.saveCustomAttributesForVersionable(vhandles[i],
				attributeList, null);
	}
}

As shown in the post Setting Access Control Permissions for SCM Versionables it is easy to create the required array if only one versionable handle is available using this code.

IVersionableHandle[] vhandles = new IVersionableHandle[] { versionableHandle };

Similar, it is easy to use the code here if the available data is a change set, by using the same technique as shown in the post Setting Access Control Permissions for SCM Versionables.

In both case, it is possible to create the array with all elements that need the change and then run the operation for all. This is also the most efficient way.

Removing Custom Attributes

Custom attributes can be removed by removing an attribute entry from the map or creating a map that does not contain this attribute. It is possible to erase all custom attributes by setting an empty map like below:

ICustomAttributeList[] versionableAttributesList = scmService
		.fetchCustomAttributesForVersionable(vhandles, null);

for (int i = 0; i < versionableAttributesList.length; i++) {
	ICustomAttributeList attributeList = versionableAttributesList[i];
	attributeList.setCustomAttributes(new HashMap<String, Object>());
	scmService.saveCustomAttributesForVersionable(vhandles[i],
			attributeList, null);
}

I have not tested this, but I assume that attributes that are defined to have a default value and are automatically applied, will be recreated with the default value when deleting them from the map.

Getting Custom Attributes

The next code snippet shows how to get or accesses the custom attributes and how to print them. It basically gets the map and then iterates the contained keys to access the attributes:

/**
 * Print the attributes for an array of versionable handles
 * 
 * @param vhandles
 * @param scmService
 * @throws TeamRepositoryException
 */
public static void printAttributes(IVersionableHandle[] vhandles, IScmService scmService,String message)
		throws TeamRepositoryException {
	System.out.println(message);
	ICustomAttributeList[] versionableAttributesList = scmService
			.fetchCustomAttributesForVersionable(vhandles, null);

	for (int i = 0; i < versionableAttributesList.length; i++) {
		ICustomAttributeList attributeList = versionableAttributesList[i];
		Map<String, Object> attributeMap = attributeList
				.getCustomAttributes();
		printAttributes("Attributes: ",attributeMap);
	}
}


/**
 * @param message
 * @param attributeMap
 */
private static void printAttributes(String message, Map<String, Object> attributeMap) {
	System.out.print(message + " - ");
	Set keys = attributeMap.keySet();
	if(keys.isEmpty()){
		System.out.print("No");
	}
	System.out.println(" attributes found:");
	for (String key : keys) {
		Object value = attributeMap.get(key);
		printAttributeValue(message, key, value);			
	}	
}

/**
 * @param message
 * @param key
 * @param value
 */
private static void printAttributeValue(String message, String key, Object value) {
	if (value != null) {
		System.out.println(message + ": " + key
				+ " value: " + ((String) value));
	} else {
		System.out.println("Version Attribute: " + key
				+ " no value");
	}
}

Getting Available Custom Attributes

Please see How to retrieve the set of allowed custom SCM attributes via Plain Java Client API?

Custom Attributes for Other SCM Elements

The API to get or set custom attributes for other objects, is similar to the API for versionables. Since they are unique objects and don’t have different versions, there is only one set of custom attributes available for them.

Please note, the full functionality for these objects only became available in 6.0.1

Custom Attributes for Streams

To set custom attributes for streams, since 6.0.1 the common API provides the interface

com.ibm.team.scm.service.internal.ScmService.setWorkspaceCustomAttributes(IWorkspaceHandle, IGenericAttributes, String[], ISynchronizationTimes[], IRepositoryProgressMonitorHandle)

to set custom attributes.

The interface com.ibm.team.scm.common.IWorkspace provides the method

com.ibm.team.scm.common.IWorkspace.getCustomAttributes()

to get the custom attributes of the stream.

Please note, that the data is cached, if you want accurate information refresh the object e.g. using com.ibm.team.scm.client.IWorkspaceConnection.refresh(IProgressMonitor).

The code to set and get the custom attributes would look like below:

IWorkspaceManager wm = SCMPlatform.getWorkspaceManager(teamRepository);
IWorkspaceSearchCriteria criteria = IWorkspaceSearchCriteria.FACTORY.newInstance().setKind(IWorkspaceSearchCriteria.STREAMS);
criteria.setExactName("JKE Banking Integration Stream");
List connection = wm.findWorkspaces(criteria, Integer.MAX_VALUE, monitor);
IWorkspaceHandle streamHandle = connection.get(0);
IWorkspaceConnection wcStream = wm.getWorkspaceConnection(streamHandle, monitor);
IWorkspace streamConnection = wcStream.getResolvedWorkspace();
IScmService scmService = ScmServiceClient.getSCMService(teamRepository);
		
Map<String,Object> customAttributes=new HashMap<String,Object>();
customAttributes.put(CUSTOM_ATTRIBUTE, "Test");
String[] attributesToClear = new String[] { CUSTOM_ATTRIBUTE };

wcStream.refresh(monitor);
printAttributes("Stream AttributesInitial", streamConnection.getCustomAttributes());
		
// Set the custom attributes
IGenericAttributes streamAttributes = IGenericAttributes.FACTORY.newInstance(customAttributes);
scmService.setWorkspaceCustomAttributes(streamHandle, streamAttributes, null, null, IRepositoryProgressMonitor.ITEM_FACTORY.createItem(monitor));

wcStream.refresh(monitor);
printAttributes("Stream Attributes", streamConnection.getCustomAttributes());

// Clear the custom attributes
scmService.setWorkspaceCustomAttributes(streamHandle, null, attributesToClear, null, IRepositoryProgressMonitor.ITEM_FACTORY.createItem(monitor));

wcStream.refresh(monitor);
printAttributes("Stream AttributesAfterClear", streamConnection.getCustomAttributes());

Custom Attributes for Snapshots

To set custom attributes for snapshots, since 6.0.1 the common API provides the interface

com.ibm.team.scm.service.internal.ScmService.setBaselineSetCustomAttributes(IBaselineSetHandle, IGenericAttributes, String[], ISynchronizationTimes[], IRepositoryProgressMonitorHandle)

to set custom attributes.

In addition, in 6.0.1, the interface com.ibm.team.scm.common.IBaselineSet provides the method

com.ibm.team.scm.common.IBaselineSet.getCustomAttributes()

to get the custom attributes of the snapshot.

Please note, that the data is cached, if you want accurate information refresh the object e.g. using the IItemManager and the IItemManager.REFRESH flag to get the latest information.

The code to set and get the custom attributes would look like below:

IBaselineSetSearchCriteria bScriteria = IBaselineSetSearchCriteria.FACTORY.newInstance();
bScriteria.setExactName("TestSnapShot");
List baselineSetHandles = SCMPlatform.getWorkspaceManager(teamRepository).findBaselineSets(bScriteria, 100, monitor);
BaselineSetHandle snapShotHandle = (BaselineSetHandle) baselineSetHandles.get(0);
IBaselineSet snapShot = (IBaselineSet) teamRepository.itemManager().fetchCompleteItem(snapShotHandle,IItemManager.REFRESH,monitor);
	
printAttributes("Snapshots AttributesInitial", snapShot.getCustomAttributes());

scmService.setBaselineSetCustomAttributes(snapShotHandle, custAttributes, null, null, IRepositoryProgressMonitor.ITEM_FACTORY.createItem(monitor));
snapShot = (IBaselineSet) teamRepository.itemManager().fetchCompleteItem(snapShotHandle,IItemManager.REFRESH,monitor);
printAttributes("Snapshots Attributes", snapShot.getCustomAttributes());

scmService.setBaselineSetCustomAttributes(snapShotHandle, null, attributesToClear, null, IRepositoryProgressMonitor.ITEM_FACTORY.createItem(monitor));
snapShot = (IBaselineSet) teamRepository.itemManager().fetchCompleteItem(snapShotHandle,IItemManager.REFRESH,monitor);
printAttributes("Snapshots AttributesAfterClear", snapShot.getCustomAttributes());

Custom Attributes for Baselines

To set custom attributes for streams, since 6.0.1 the common API provides the interface

com.ibm.team.scm.service.internal.ScmService.setBaselineCustomAttributes(IBaselineHandle, IGenericAttributes, String[], ISynchronizationTimes[], IRepositoryProgressMonitorHandle)

to set custom attributes for snapshots.

In addition, in 6.0.1, the interface com.ibm.team.scm.common.IBaseline provides the method

com.ibm.team.scm.common.IBaseline.getCustomAttributes()

to get the custom attributes of the baseline.

Please note, that the data is cached, if you want accurate information refresh the object e.g. using the IItemManager and the IItemManager.REFRESH flag to get the latest information.

The code to set and get the custom attributes would look like below:

IBaselineHandle baseLineHandle = buildComponent.getInitialBaseline();
IBaseline baseLine = (IBaseline) teamRepository.itemManager().fetchCompleteItem(baseLineHandle,IItemManager.REFRESH,monitor);
		
printAttributes("Baseline AttributesInitial", baseLine.getCustomAttributes());

scmService.setBaselineCustomAttributes(baseLineHandle, custAttributes, null, null, IRepositoryProgressMonitor.ITEM_FACTORY.createItem(monitor));
baseLine = (IBaseline) teamRepository.itemManager().fetchCompleteItem(baseLineHandle,IItemManager.REFRESH,monitor);
printAttributes("Baseline Attributes", baseLine.getCustomAttributes());

scmService.setBaselineCustomAttributes(baseLineHandle, null, attributesToClear, null, IRepositoryProgressMonitor.ITEM_FACTORY.createItem(monitor));
baseLine = (IBaseline) teamRepository.itemManager().fetchCompleteItem(baseLineHandle,IItemManager.REFRESH,monitor);
printAttributes("Baseline AttributesAfterClear", baseLine.getCustomAttributes());

Custom Attributes for Components

To set custom attributes for components, since 6.0.1 the common API provides the interface

com.ibm.team.scm.service.internal.ScmService.setComponentCustomAttributes(IComponentHandle, IGenericAttributes, String[], ISynchronizationTimes[], IRepositoryProgressMonitorHandle)

In addition, in 6.0.1, the interface com.ibm.team.scm.common.IComponent provides the method

com.ibm.team.scm.common.IComponent.getCustomAttributes()

to get the custom attributes of the component.

Please note, that the data is cached, if you want accurate information refresh the object e.g. using the IItemManager and the IItemManager.REFRESH flag to get the latest information.

The code to set and get the custom attributes would look like below:

printAttributes("Component AttributesInitial", buildComponent.getCustomAttributes());

scmService.setComponentCustomAttributes(buildComponent, custAttributes, null, null, IRepositoryProgressMonitor.ITEM_FACTORY.createItem(monitor));
buildComponent = (IComponent) teamRepository.itemManager().fetchCompleteItem(buildComponent,IItemManager.REFRESH,monitor);
printAttributes("Component Attributes", buildComponent.getCustomAttributes());

scmService.setComponentCustomAttributes(buildComponent, null, attributesToClear, null, IRepositoryProgressMonitor.ITEM_FACTORY.createItem(monitor));
buildComponent = (IComponent) teamRepository.itemManager().fetchCompleteItem(buildComponent,IItemManager.REFRESH,monitor);
printAttributes("Component AttributesAfterClear", buildComponent.getCustomAttributes());

Summary

This post explains how to set custom attributes for SCM elements. As always, I hope this is useful to someone out there.

Setting Access Control Permissions for Work Items


This is the second post in the series around very fine grained access control permissions for work items and RTC SCM versionables. It explains how to set the access control permissions for work items.

See the problem description in the first post of the series

Related posts

The posts in this series are:

  1. Manage Access Control Permissions for Work Items and Versionables
  2. Setting Access Control Permissions for Work Items – this post
  3. Setting Access Control Permissions for SCM Versionables
  4. Setting Attributes for SCM Versionables

License

The post contains published code, so our lawyers reminded me to state that the code in this post is derived from examples from Jazz.net as well as the RTC SDK. The usage of code from that example source code is governed by this license. Therefore this code is governed by this license. I found a section relevant to source code at the and of the license. Please also remember, as stated in the disclaimer, that this code comes with the usual lack of promise or guarantee. Enjoy!

Just Starting With Extending RTC?

If you just get started with extending Rational Team Concert, or create API based automation, start with the post Learning To Fly: Getting Started with the RTC Java API’s and follow the linked resources.

You should be able to use the following code in this environment and get your own automation or extension working.

Compatibility

This code has been used with RTC 5.0.2 and is prepared to be used with RTC 6.0.x with no changes and it is pretty safe to assume, that the code will work with newer versions of RTC.

The code in this post uses common libraries/services that are available in the Plain Java Client, Eclipse client and Jazz Eclipse server API. If client or server API is used, this is stated.

Work Item Access Control Code

Now that we have all the rules and pieces together as explained in this post, lets have a look at the work item access control. Again, note, that work items can only have access groups and project areas set for access control in manual mode as shown in the image below.

WorkItemAccessContextSelection

To set the access context for work items, the interface IWorkItem provides the method

IWorkItem.setContextId(UUID contextId);

It should also be possible to set the internal attribute with the ID “contextId” also available as constant

IWorkItem.CONTEXT_ID_PROPERTY

in the IWorkItem interface.

Working With the UUID Representing the Access Context

How to find the objects we are interested in, is explained in this post.

To be able to set the access control context for work items, it is necessary to understand how to access the value that represents the access context of a process area (project or team area) or access group.

The common API provides this method to access the access context of an item:

com.ibm.team.repository.common.IAuditableHandle.getItemId()

This interface implements (through a number of intermediate interfaces) the interface IItemHandle, which defines the method getItemId() for all items. So strictly speaking the method is available as

com.ibm.team.repository.common.IItemHandle.getItemId()

This means, the access context can be accessed already from the item handle e.g. in case only a handle such as IProcessAreaHandle, IProjectAreaHandle, ITeamAreaHandle, IAccessGroupHandle or IContributorHanlde is available.

It is also available at all resolved IItems such as IProcessArea, IProjectArea, ITeamArea, IAccessGroup or IContributor as all these interfaces implement IItemHandle. In fact it is available on all IItems. Example code:

IProcessAreaHandle paHandle = ..... get the handle
IProcessArea pa = ..... resolve the handle

// These values are the same
UUID paHandleContext1 = paHandle.getItemID(); 
UUID paHandleContext2 = pa.getItemID();

Note, that all items in RTC have an itemID like the one above and can be uniquely be identified by it. Other itemID’s are just not used as access context.

The return value is of the type

com.ibm.team.repository.common.UUID

The UUID is an object that uniquely identifies an item in the repository and can be used to recreate the item as well. The string representation shows up in several places, for example in OSLC links. To get the string representation use

com.ibm.team.repository.common.UUID.getUuidValue()

If it is necessary to recreate an UUID from the string representation as an example named contextIDString, use the method

UUID.valueOf(contextIDString)

This recreates the UUID of the object if the string is a valid string representation of a UUID.

This way, you have the choice to use the UUID or its string representation to set the access context of RTC work items.

Setting the WorkItem Access Context

Given the UUID provided by a project area or access group, it is possible to set the access context of a work item.

Although all the code to retrieve the access context is common code, the code to set the work items context differs on client and server.

In the Client API, use a WorkItemOperation like the code below.

/*******************************************************************************
 * Licensed Materials - Property of IBM
 * (c) Copyright IBM Corporation 2015. All Rights Reserved. 
 *
 * Note to U.S. Government Users Restricted Rights:  Use, duplication or 
 * disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.
 *******************************************************************************/
package com.ibm.js.access.control.client;

import org.eclipse.core.runtime.IProgressMonitor;

import com.ibm.team.repository.common.TeamRepositoryException;
import com.ibm.team.repository.common.UUID;
import com.ibm.team.workitem.client.WorkItemOperation;
import com.ibm.team.workitem.client.WorkItemWorkingCopy;
import com.ibm.team.workitem.common.model.IWorkItem;
import com.ibm.team.workitem.common.model.ItemProfile;

/**
 * WorkItem Operation to set the access context for the work item. This is
 * client code only.
 * 
 */
public class SetAccessControlOperation extends WorkItemOperation {

	private UUID fAccessContext;

	public SetAccessControlOperation(UUID accessContext,
			ItemProfile loadProfile) {
		super("Set Access Context", loadProfile);
		fAccessContext = accessContext;
	}

	@Override
	protected void execute(WorkItemWorkingCopy workingCopy,
			IProgressMonitor monitor) throws TeamRepositoryException {
		workingCopy.getWorkItem().setContextId(fAccessContext);
	}
}

The operation can be called like this:

	SetAccessControlOperation operation = new SetAccessControlOperation(
		UUID.valueOf(context), IWorkItem.FULL_PROFILE);
	operation.run(workItem, monitor);

Because the WorkItemOperation is not available in the server API, a save has to be performed manually like below.

	// Set the work item visibility
	// Get the full state of the parent work item so we can edit it
	// and avoid stale data exceptions
	// Get the required service interfaces
	IWorkItemServer wiServer = getService(IWorkItemServer.class);
	IWorkItem fullItem = (IWorkItem) wiServer
			.getAuditableCommon()
			.resolveAuditable(workItem, IWorkItem.FULL_PROFILE, monitor)
			.getWorkingCopy();

	// Set the context of the work item
	fullItem.setContextId(UUID.valueOf(context));

	// Save the work item
	HashSet additionalParams = new HashSet();
	additionalParams.add("WORK_ITEM_CONTEXT_CHANGE");

	IStatus status = wiServer.saveWorkItem3(fullItem, null, null,
			additionalParams);
	if (!status.isOK()) {
		String parameter[] = new String[1];
			parameter[0] = Integer.toString(fullItem.getId());

		String description = NLS.bind(
				"Failed to save work item ''{0}''.", parameter);
		IReportInfo info = collector.createInfo(
				"WORK_ITEM_CONTEXT_CHANGE"
				+ ": Error running the participant.",
				description);
		info.setSeverity(IProcessReport.ERROR);
		collector.addInfo(info);
		return;
	}

Please note, if this is performed in a participant/follow up action, it is important to send an additional save parameter like “WORK_ITEM_CONTEXT_CHANGE”. This protects the participants from causing a recursion ultimately crashing the server. The participant can protect itself to run again for the save it just performed by testing for the additional save parameter. If the parameter is detected, the participant knows it caused the save and should exit to prevent the recursion.

Please also note, that in some cases you might have a WorkItemWorkingCopy, instead of an IWorkItem. In these cases use a cast or the method getWorkItem() on the working copy to get the IWorkItem item to be able to set the context.

The examples above uses the string version of the UUID, however, it would have been possible to get the UUID directly from the IItem.

Getting the WorkItem Access Context

It is possible to get the access context of a work item, if the work item is accessible for read, by using IWorkItem.getContextId(). The resulting UUID can be used to get the related item.

Summary

This post explains how to set read access control for work items. The next post will explain the details around setting access control for SCM versionables.